Why Didn’t Washington Dissolve NATO After Collapse of USSR?

NATO has expanded dramatically after the collapse of its primary rivals, the USSR and the Warsaw Treaty Organization, Canadian Professor Michael Jabara Carley notes, posing the question whether NATO was founded as a defensive or an offensive alliance.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a military alliance aimed against the Soviet Union, was established on April 4, 1949; and only seven years after the formation of NATO the Warsaw Treaty Organization was established bringing together eight nations (versus 15 NATO member-states).

So, who was the real “aggressor”? What alliance was an offensive one?

“There has been much discussion recently of NATO in the mainstream and alternate media. Why was NATO founded in the first place and why did it expand so rapidly after the collapse and dismemberment of the USSR in 1991,” Professor Michael Jabara Carley of the University of Montreal writes in his article for Strategic Culture Foundation.

The Canadian academic points out that according to widely held views in the West, NATO originated as a defensive alliance against the “aggressive” USSR. Professor Carley debunks the myth, referring to the fact that the Western Russophobia and Sovietophobia are deeply rooted in Europe’s history.In this light it was hardly surprising that even after Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, London could not entirely shed its anti-Soviet enmity.

“The prime minister, Winston Churchill, worried about Red Army victories. This was a surprising, position since until June 1944 the Red Army did most of the fighting against the Wehrmacht,” the professor notes.

Furthermore, just a fortnight after VE-Day, the British Chiefs of Staff Joint Planning Committee presented the top secret Operation “Unthinkable” — “an outrageous, suicidal plan for a new Anglo-American war, backed by German troops in new uniforms, against the USSR.”

But did the Soviet Union pose any threat to the UK or the US at that time?The USSR lay in ruins:  some 70,000 cities, towns and villages were devastated by the war, tens of thousands of factories, collective farms, schools, hospitals and other public buildings had to be reconstructed.

In contrast, the United States’ economy caught a second wind after the WWII. The Soviet government hoped for help from its former wartime allies, but its expectations were not met.

“Stalin was aware of Anglo-American hostility, but tried nevertheless for a time to work with his putative ‘allies’ without however sacrificing what he saw as Soviet vital interests. ‘I am not a propagandist’, Stalin said to an American interlocutor, ‘I am a man of business’, ” the academic continues.

Professor Carley calls attention to the fact that Soviet military policy was not provocative: after WWII the Red Army was demobilized to approximately 25 percent of its wartime strength.

However, under the rule of the 33rd President of the United States Harry S. Truman, Washington started to form an anti-Soviet European bloc. Eventually, in 1949, the US-dominated bloc was transformed into a powerful military alliance.

“Funded generously by the United States, the polarization of Europe continued into the 1950s, and West Germany became a NATO member in May 1955. This development provoked the formation of the Warsaw Pact, led by the USSR,” the Canadian academic narrates.

If it was the “aggressive” Soviet Union that prompted the West to create NATO, it would be logical to dissolve the Alliance after the collapse of the USSR in December 1991. But nothing like this had happened.Instead, NATO continued its “triumphant” eastward march at a steady pace: since 1991 the Alliance has absorbed former Warsaw Pact nations and former Soviet Baltic Republics.

Remarkably, it was US Secretary of State James Baker who promised then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev that NATO would not expand ‘one inch’ toward the east, Professor Carley recalls, adding that the White House did not keep the promise.

“NATO expanded to construct a new anti-Russian ‘cordon sanitaire’, suggesting that the US ‘Deep State’ was not sure it had sufficiently weakened the much reduced Russian Federation. It was an insurance policy against any Russian resurgence, and an arm to be used against any state which failed to do US bidding,” the academic underscores.

Interestingly enough, in order to encircle Russia and dismantle its Eastern European allies, Washington and NATO sided with neo-fascists in Croatia, Muslim fundamentalists in Bosnia and Kosovo and neo-Nazis in Ukraine. The NATO military aggression against Yugoslavia in 1999 demonstrated clearly that “any apostate of US domination” would be destroyed.

On December 2, 2015 NATO invited Montenegro to become the 29th member of the Alliance. The Alliance is still expanding, leaving no doubts in its offensive nature.

Original source of the article:
6257448345_1ac0ceffdb_b_USA-flag

Photo by Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum  

RELATED POSTS
NATO: Proudly Delivering Death Since 1949 – A Book Review
THE GLOBALIZATION OF NATO Author:  Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya Clarity Press (2012) ISBN:  978-0-9852710-2-2 Pages:  411 with complete index Available to order from Global Research The world is enveloped in a blanket of perpetual conflict. Invasions, occupation, illicit sanctions, and regime change have become currencies and orders of the day. One organization – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) – is repeatedly, and very controversially, involved in some form or another in many of these conflicts led by the US and its allies. NATO spawned from the Cold War. Its existence was justified by Washington and Western Bloc politicians as a guarantor against any Soviet and Eastern Bloc invasion of Western Europe, but all along the Alliance served to cement Washington’s influence in Europe and continue what was actually America’s post-World War II occupation of the European continent. In 1991 the raison d’être of the Soviet threat ended with the collapse of the USSR and the ...
READ MORE
HAARP: Secret Weapon Used For Weather Modification, Electromagnetic Warfare
This article was first published on August 1, 2010 “It isn’t just conspiracy theorists who are concerned about HAARP. The European Union called the project a global concern and passed a resolution calling for more information on its health and environmental risks. Despite those concerns, officials at HAARP insist the project is nothing more sinister than a radio science research facility.” – Quote from a TV documentary on HAARP by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) is a little-known, yet critically important U.S. military defense program which has generated quite a bit of controversy over the years in certain circles. Though denied by HAARP officials, some respected researchers allege that secret electromagnetic warfare capabilities of HAARP are designed to forward the US military’s stated goal of achieving full-spectrum dominance by the year 2020. Others go so far as to claim that HAARP can and has been used ...
READ MORE
The Collapse of the European Union: Return to National Sovereignty and to Happy Europeans?
Imagine – the European Union were to collapse tomorrow – or any day soon for that matter. Europeans would dance in the streets. The EU has become a sheer pothole of fear and terror: Economic sanctions – punishment, mounting militarization, the abolition of civil rights for most Europeans. A group of unelected technocrats, representing 28 countries, many of them unfit to serve in their own countries’ political system, but connected well enough to get a plum job in Brussels – are deciding the future of Europe. In small groups and often in secret chambers they decide the future of Europe. Take the TTIP – under pressure from their masters in Washington, behind closed doors under utmost secrecy – and most likely against their own personal good – a small group of European Commission (EC) delegates without scruples, without any respect for their co-citizens, without consideration for their children, grand-children and their ...
READ MORE
The Boris Nemtsov Assassination: A Propaganda Attack On Vladimir Putin?
Boris Nemtsov, a Russian dissident politician highly critical of President Vladimir Putin often sounded like an agent of Washington.  He was shot and killed today on a street near Red Square. If Nemtsov wasn’t assassinated by the CIA in order to blame Putin, most likely Nemtsov was killed by Russian nationalists who saw him as Washington’s agent. Remembering the Magnitsky affair that resulted in sanctions imposed on Russians as a result of the US Congress over-reacting to a jail death in Russia, Nemtsov’s death will likely be blamed on Putin.  The Western media will repeat endlessly, with no evidence, that Putin had his critic killed. I can tell you one thing, and that is that Putin is much too smart to play into Washington’s hands in this way.  Moreover, Nemtsov, although a loud mouth, had no impact on Putin’s 85% approval rating.  Nemtsov’s support resided in the Washington-funded NGOs in Russia. If the ...
READ MORE
Best Of British Values… Hypocrisy
Britain’s lavish state reception for Chinese President Xi Jinping is a dash-for-cash that shows how desperate the crumbling former empire is for foreign investment. British Prime Minister David Cameron is laying on the finest trappings of the state to impress his Asian visitor – even as it causes misgivings within British society and tensions in Britain’s “special relationship” with Washington. But Cameron has no choice. Britain is broke and badly needs capital investment. Even the normally supportive rightwing British media appears to be taken aback by the Conservative government’s hypocritical fawning. The Daily Express reported how premier David Cameron and his Tory government are “rolling out the red carpet to beg for cash” during the Chinese leader’s first state visit to Britain. Meanwhile, the Financial Times gave prominence to critics accusing Britain of “kowtowing” to China. President Xi and his wife were this week treated to a state banquet at Buckingham Palace, where the couple stayed as special guests of Queen Elizabeth. Throughout the visit, Cameron and his Chancellor George Osborne are to accompany the ...
READ MORE
Nazi Roots of Ukraine’s Conflict
Exclusive: Few Americans understand the ugly history behind the Nazi-affiliated movements that have gained substantial power in today’s U.S.-backed Ukrainian regime. Western propaganda has made these right-wing extremists the “good guys” versus the Russian “bad guys,” as Jonathan Marshall explains. By Jonathan Marshall The latest issue of Foreign Policy magazine, one of the leading journals in its field, offers a two-page photo essay on “what to see, do, and buy” in Lviv, a picturesque city in the Western Ukraine. “Amid the turmoil that has rocked Ukraine over the past two years,” the article gushes, “Lviv has stood firmly as a stronghold of national culture, language, and identity.” That’s one way of putting it. Another, less charitable way would be to note that Lviv has for nearly a century been a breeding ground of extreme Ukrainian nationalism, spawning terrorist movements, rabid anti-Semitism, and outright pro-Nazi political organizations that continue to pollute the country’s politics. Sen. John ...
READ MORE
Who will secure Lithuania?
The term "security" is a very multifaceted one. But today's geopolitical situation forces us to think about its military aspect above all. Our attention is completely absorbed by news about wars, conflicts, military exercises and increasing defence capabilities. An average European reader has no chances to skip this kind of news while looking through news feeds of popular media. Even planned further militarization of the European region and Russia pose the real threat today. A whole generation of European children is growing in the firm belief that the war is approaching. We destroy ourselves by our fears. We notice everything concerning military issues and neglect economic and social sides of our life. We live in a changed world and we are to blame for it. Let's take Lithuania as an example. This small country with reach history and with immensely kind and open people last few weeks falls into the center of world ...
READ MORE
NATO Announces War Policy Against Russia
On May 18th, Britain’s Guardian headlined “West and Russia on course for war, says ex-Nato deputy commander” and reported that the former deputy commander of NATO, the former British general Sir Alexander Richard Shirreff (who was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe from 2011-2014), expressed outrage that Britain isn’t urgently preparing for war against Russia, and also reported that “He describes Russia as now the west’s most dangerous adversary and says Putin’s course can only be stopped if the west wakes up to the real possibility of war and takes urgent action. … In a chilling scenario, he predicts that Russia, in order to escape what it believes to be encirclement by Nato, will seize territory in eastern Ukraine.” (That’s the Donbass region, where there has been a civil war.) This encirclement by NATO is, apparently, about to be expanded: Shirreff will now be satisfied by NATO, even if not by its member the UK, of which Shirreff happens to be a citizen. ...
READ MORE
Hiroshima, Vietnam, Cuba: A Hegemonic Power Never Says Sorry…
A hegemonic power never says sorry. Three recent episodes underscore this truism. When US President Barack Obama offered a floral wreath at the cenotaph of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park on 27 May 2016, some peace advocates in the United States, in Japan and in other parts of the world hoped against hope that he would say “sorry” for the Atom bomb that the then US President, Harry Truman, had ordered to be dropped over Hiroshima on the 6th of August 1945. The deadly bomb claimed 140,000 lives. Three days later a second Atom bomb destroyed the city of Nagasaki killing another 80,000. There is a view advanced by a number of scholars and activists that based upon documentary analysis Japan had already indicated to the US Military Command in the Pacific a couple of months before 6th August  that it was prepared to surrender if there were some safeguards for the position ...
READ MORE
Israeli Military General Compares Israel To Nazi Germany At Holocaust Remembrance Day Event
Israel is in a class all by itself when it comes to perpetuating some of the worst human rights violations of any country on earth today. For decades, Israel has had a policy of ethnically cleansing and robbing the indigenous Palestinian population of its lands and resources and killing them when they resist the atrocities committed against them under the guise of self-defense. Now, an Israeli military general, someone who is one of the leaders of Israel’s killing machine, has come out and admitted that Israel today shares many of the same elements as Nazi Germany. Addressing an audience at Tel Yitzhak in central Israel on Holocaust Remembrance Day, Israel Defense Forces Major General Yair Golan dropped a bombshell on the Israel’s racist establishment when he said: “It’s scary to see horrifying developments that took place in Europe begin to unfold here.” “The Holocaust should bring us to ponder our public lives and, furthermore, ...
READ MORE
Paul Craig Roberts 2015: Washington’s Path to War with Russia
MP3 & SHOW NOTES: http://themindrenewed.com/interviews/… Dr. Paul Craig Roberts (former US Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Economic Policy) returns to the programme for an extended interview on the ongoing tensions between Washington and Moscow. Drawing upon his extensive experience in government, academia and journalism, Dr. Roberts explains how Washington’s current hostility towards Russia, with its demonization of Vladimir Putin, is a bitter fruit of the neoconservative ideology of world hegemony that came to dominate US centres of power from the early 1990s onwards. Assessing the geopolitical landscape with an eye to historical, economic and political realities, Dr. Roberts judges there to be only two hopes for the world to avert nuclear Armageddon: a Europe decisively resistant to Washington diktat, or economic collapse of the US empire itself. We also discuss the murder of Boris Nemtsov, prospects for Washington-agitated colour revolutions in Central Asia/Caucasus, MH17 and the growth of the police state ...
READ MORE
Boycott bloody President!
Liberal Democratic Party calls on to all Russian citizens to boycott Ukrainian confectionery company “Roshen”, owned by the country’s President Peter Poroshenko. Ukrainian authorities continue punitive operation against its own citizens! Now abandoning their country in thousands for refugees fleeing to Russia, mostly old men, women and children. People are forced to leave all their belongings for years! Horror, fear, hunger and humiliation – that is what has prepared Kiev junta civilians southeast. From the illusory hopes that the election of President Ukraine peace returns, no trace – she melted like candy chocolate baron Poroshenko. Having full power, he actually gave the nod to the destruction of innocent people by declaring them bandits, separatists and extremists. Killed Russian-speaking civilians in Donbass region by Kiev Nazi junta Russian Liberal Democratic Party urges citizens to support the civilians of southeast. Each of us can now express their civic position by taking part in fundraising for ...
READ MORE
The Atlantic Alliance’s “Holy War” Against The Islamic State (ISIS): NATO’s Role In The Recruitment Of Islamic Terrorists (According To Israeli Intelligence News Source)
This article was first published in September 2014. Can we believe Hollande and Cameron? Evidence confirms that NATO is behind the recruitment of “jihadist terrorists  While NATO leaders in Newport Wales [September 2014] debate the Atlantic Alliance’s role “in containing a mounting militant threat in the Middle East”, it is worth recalling that in 2011 at the outset of the war in Syria,  NATO became actively involved in the recruitment of Islamic fighters. Reminiscent of the enlistment of the Mujahideen to wage the CIA’s jihad (holy war) in the heyday of the Soviet-Afghan war, NATO headquarters in Brussels in liaison with the Turkish High command, according to Israeli intelligence sources, was involved in the enlisting of thousands of terrorists: “Also discussed in Brussels and Ankara, our sources report, is a campaign to enlist thousands of Muslim volunteers in Middle East countries and the Muslim world to fight alongside the Syrian rebels. The Turkish ...
READ MORE
‘Soft Coup’ In Belgrade? Tony Blair Becomes Advisor To Serbian Government As Wall Street Plunders State Assets
Tony Blair and his bloodstained paws With most of the Balkans firmly under the grip of the Atlantic Empire, the empire now seem to be placing their dirty paws on the only place in the region that is left for them to further pillage, plunder and colonize: Serbia. War criminal Tony Blair is back in town, and so are some of the criminals that were directly involved in bombing Serbia in the 1990s. Once Blair arrives in town, fellow warmongering psychopaths can't be far behind. In 2014 former CIA Director David Petraeus, now chairman of KKR Global Institute, subsidiary of Wall Street vulture capitalist firm KKR & Co., visited Serbia and met with Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic, who welcomed him and his plans with open arms. The theme of their conversation was about 'attracting foreign investors' - neoliberal economic-speak for plundering Serbian companies, workers and resources. Petraeus emphasized that KKR Global Institute ...
READ MORE
Why The West Can Never Defeat Or “Forgive” Russia
Historically and intuitively, Russia has fought for the survival of humanity. Of course, things are not always pronounced or defined in such terms. However, already on several occasions, this enormous country has stood up against the most mighty and evil forces that have threatened the very survival of our Planet. During the Second World War, the Soviet people, mainly Russians, sacrificed at least 25 million men, women and children, in the end defeating Nazism. No other country in modern history has undergone more. Right after that victory, Russia, alongside China and later Cuba, embarked on the most awesome and noble project of all times: the systematic dismantling of Western colonialism. All over the world oppressed masses stood up against European and North American imperialist barbarity, and it was the Soviet Union that was ready to give them a beacon of hope, as well as substantial financial, ideological and military support. As one oppressed ...
READ MORE
Russia And The Ukraine – The Other Side Of The Story
We ”know” how evil the Russians and Putin are, yet most Americans know little about this area of the world: a recent poll found only 1 in 6 Americans could locate the Ukraine on a map. Beyond geography, the US, a historical “newcomer”, has often underappreciated the importance of history and related cultural differences. Russians and Ukrainians, comprising the “Eastern Slavs”, are ethnically related. Were it not for some tragic history, they would have had closer ties today than those afforded by the US/UK “special relationship”. Their history stretches back at least 700 years before the first settlers landed in America when Kiev was the center of power of a nascent Russian state. In the early 15th century, as the center of power shifted north-eastward, Moscow assumed the mantle of power. After Mongol domination ended in the early 15th century, Russia has had to fend of numerous  threats – then powerful Poland/Lithuania union in ...
READ MORE
Classified Evidence: US Soldiers Raped Boys In Front Of Their Mothers
According to a number of global mainstream media sources, the Pentagon is covering up a disturbing video that was never made public with the rest of the recent torture report. According to various well respected journalists, including Seymour Hersh, the appalling video was recorded at Abu Ghraib, the notorious US torture dungeon in Iraq that made headlines roughly a decade ago, when the inhumane tactics being used at the prison were exposed. Sadly, it seems that the evidence released years ago was only scratching the surface. While the video has remained under wraps thus far, Hersh says it is only a matter of time before it comes out. Giving a speech at the ACLU last week after the senate torture report was initially released, Hersh gave some insight into what was on the Pentagon’s secret tape. In the most revealing portion of his speech he said that: “Debating about it, ummm … Some of the worst things that happened ...
READ MORE
Serbia Gives Access To Military Facilities, Special Status To NATO Soldiers
BELGRADE – NATO soldiers should in future have free transit through Serbia, use its military infrastructure and be “protected” with a special status while staying in the country, writes “Vecernje Novosti”. This is only one of the obligations Serbia committed to with individual action plan (IPAP), whose entry into force was officially marked by the Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic and Defense Minister Bratislav Gasic. IPAP, among other things, involves signing of the so-called SOFA agreement (which Serbia already has with the US) with NATO member states, which regulates border crossing and immunity level for the members of Alliance while they are passing through Serbia or are residing in the country, as well as access to military facilities. Serbia also committed to open the regional training center “Jug” near Bujanovac for all the members of the Partnership for Peace and NATO, to gradually harmonize its regulation in the field of defense with the EU ...
READ MORE
A Serb View Of Partnership Action Plan With NATO
From Brussels we hear here in Serbia, the signing of the Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) is a "new phase in relations with NATO." While Ivica Dacic and Bratislav Gasic issue PR proclamations applauding themselves though, many Serbians are dissenting. Here's the other side of the coin. The dictatorial government that rules Serbia is leading our people into ruin. Slowly but surely we leave military neutrality and become just another puppet state, a pawn in the greater game of western hegemony. We’re a  puppet country with  a puppet government. Unfortunately for us, the government can defend its argument that NATO membership was chosen by  the vast majority of our people, but here with us, many are now ashamed to be Serbs. On Wednesday, Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic and Defense Minister Bratislav Gašić signed the so-called IPAP, or the Individual Partnership Action Plan with NATO. It should be carved in stone here that ...
READ MORE
US Imperialism And The New Race To The Arctic
The Arctic has in recent weeks become a focal point of geopolitical tensions between Russia and the United States. Given the present rate of global warming, scientists anticipate that the region will be ice-free by the summer of 2030. It is believed to contain a large portion of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas reserves. It is also an important maritime route, one that is increasingly accessible due to the thawing of its ice cover. The Arctic is one of the most resource-rich regions of the world. According to a study commissioned by the US government, some 30 percent of unexplored natural gas reserves and 13 percent of undiscovered oil and gas condensate are located there. Only Russia has a greater supply of raw materials. The Northeast Passage, which extends beyond the Arctic, is regarded as an alternate sea route from Europe to Asia to the southern route, which runs via the ...
READ MORE
NATO: Proudly Delivering Death Since 1949 – A Book Review
HAARP: Secret Weapon Used For Weather Modification, Electromagnetic Warfare
The Collapse of the European Union: Return to National Sovereignty and to Happy Europeans?
The Boris Nemtsov Assassination: A Propaganda Attack On Vladimir Putin?
Best Of British Values… Hypocrisy
Nazi Roots of Ukraine’s Conflict
Who will secure Lithuania?
NATO Announces War Policy Against Russia
Hiroshima, Vietnam, Cuba: A Hegemonic Power Never Says Sorry…
Israeli Military General Compares Israel To Nazi Germany At Holocaust Remembrance Day Event
Paul Craig Roberts 2015: Washington’s Path to War with Russia
Boycott bloody President!
The Atlantic Alliance’s “Holy War” Against The Islamic State (ISIS): NATO’s Role In The Recruitment Of Islamic Terrorists (According To Israeli Intelligence News Source)
‘Soft Coup’ In Belgrade? Tony Blair Becomes Advisor To Serbian Government As Wall Street Plunders State Assets
Why The West Can Never Defeat Or “Forgive” Russia
Russia And The Ukraine – The Other Side Of The Story
Classified Evidence: US Soldiers Raped Boys In Front Of Their Mothers
Serbia Gives Access To Military Facilities, Special Status To NATO Soldiers
A Serb View Of Partnership Action Plan With NATO
US Imperialism And The New Race To The Arctic

Share

5 thoughts on “Why Didn’t Washington Dissolve NATO After Collapse of USSR?

  1. ШУМАДИЈА on

    From The History of Anti-Russian Policy: The First Balkan Alliance (1866−1868)

  2. Categories: Albania, Albanians, Balkans, Ethnic cleansing, Genocide, Islam, Kosovo, Metochia, NATO, Orthodoxy, Serbia, Serbs, Terrorism, Yugoslavia

    Tags: Albania, Albanians, Balkans, Ethnic cleansing, Genocide, Greater Albania, ISIL, ISIS, Islam, Islamic state, Islamic State of Kosovo, Jihad, Kosovo, Metochia, NATO, Orthodoxy, Serbia, Serbs, Terrorism, Yugoslavia

Leave a Reply